Lexington Trees

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White Pine

  • Pinus strobus
  • To 100 ft (30 m)
  • Mature trees can easily be 200 to 250 years old.
  • Prefers well-drained, sandy soils.
  • Needle-like leafs grow in bundles of 5.
  • Needles remain on the tree for two years.
  • Cone is up to 8 in (20 cm) long.

Eastern Hemlock

  • Tsuga canadensis
  • To 150 ft (45 m)
  • It may live up to 250 years.
  • Leaves are flattened needles which grow from 2 sides of twigs, parallel to ground.
  • Fruits are cone like, less than 1 inch long.

Quacking Aspen

  • Populus tremuloides
  • To 60 ft (18 m)
  • Called Quacking due to the rustling sound of leaves in the light wind.
  • The long stemmed, wide leafs are rounded and have fine teeth.
  • The most widely distributed tree in North America, will grow in almost any soil except in the wettest swampy areas.
  • Propagates itself primarily through root sprouts.
  • A fast grower, it is usually the first tree to grow in burned-over areas and unused fields.


Red Maple

  • Acer rubrum
  • To 90 ft (27 m)
  • Likes a wide range of soil types
  • Reaches maturity in 70 to 80 years, and rarely lives up to 150 years
  • Leaves are 3 lobed, or 5 lobed with weak basal lobes
  • Notches Between Lobes are V-shaped
  • Leaves turn scarlet to orange in autumn
  • Produces syrup and sugar, but not as much as the Sugar Maple

Sugar Maple

  • Acer saccharum
  • To 115 ft (35 m)
  • Leaves are 3 or 5 lobed
  • Notches Between Lobes are U-shaped (rounded)
  • Easily confused with the Norway Maple, see [[1]] for identifying the Sugar Maple in contrast with the Norway Maple
  • Leaves turn yellow to orange to red in autumn
  • Produces syrup and sugar

Norway Maple

  • Acer platanoides
  • To 100 ft (30 m)
  • Was planted as a hardy street tree but is now considered an invasive species.
  • Most populous tree in Lexington (18.54% of Lexington tree inventory)
  • Leaves are 5 lobed.
  • Notches Between Lobes are U-shaped (rounded)
  • Leaves turn yellow to orange to red in autumn.

American Beech

  • Fagus grandifolia
  • To 80 ft (24 m)
  • With long, horizontal branches
  • Leaves elliptical in shape with many parallel side veins and coarse, small-toothed edges
  • Bark is very smooth, light gray colored

Northern Red Oak

  • Quercus rubra
  • To 90 ft (27 m)
  • Branches grow at right angle from the stem
  • Leaves have seven to nine lobes

White Ash

  • Fraxinus americana
  • To 100 ft (30 m)
  • Underside of leaves are whitish green with tiny hairs
  • Name derives from color leaf underside
  • Likes rich, well drained soil
  • Wood is tough, does not break under strain

Black Cherry

  • Prunus serotina
  • To 80 ft (24 m)
  • Bark and leaves have cherry-like aroma
  • Dark berry fruits

Gray Birch

  • Betula populifolia
  • To 30 ft (9 m)
  • Thin branches form irregular crown
  • Bark is white gray with black spots where branches meet trunk

Callery Pear

  • Pyrus calleryana
  • To 65 ft (20 m)
  • Native to China and Vietnam
  • Abundant flowers in early spring, before the leaves are fully developed

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